Types of Topologies
Network topologies refers to the configuration of the manner in which the computers and network devices are connected. The two types of topologies are physical topology and logical topology. The Local Area Network (LAN) exhibits both the types of topologies. In addition, network topology depends on factors such as, number of devices connected, data transfer rates, response time and cost.
- Physical Topology – Represents the physical layout of devices on a network. It refers to the arrangement of the devices on the network and the way they communicate with each other. The five basic physical topologies are bus, star, ring, tree and mesh.
- Logical Topology – Represents the way the data is transferred from one device to the next, irrespective of the physical interconnection of the devices.